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For the first time, the Luxembourg National Research Fund (FNR) has committed funding to two space related projects contributing to the development of the SpaceResources.lu initiative. Two public research institutions each receive funding for collaborative projects with the lunar exploration company ispace, representing an FNR commitment of around €700,000.
The projects – involving the Luxembourg-based company ispace Europe, the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (List) and the Interdisciplinary Center for Security, Reliability and Trust (SnT) at the University of Luxembourg – were retained for funding in FNR’s 2017-2 CORE-PPP and AFR-PPP Calls respectively.
Luxembourg, a pioneer in space
Luxembourg has received a fair amount of international attention after the recent passing of a new law on the exploration and use of space resources. The Grand Duchy is the first European country to offer a legal framework ensuring that private operators can be confident about their rights on resources they extract in space. This framework is a key action of an overall strategy to be implemented by the Luxembourg Ministry of the Economy within the SpaceResources.lu initiative whose goal is to support innovative projects in advanced space technologies.
Luxembourg has a long history of space innovation. In 1985, a public-private partnership effort launched Société Européenne des Satellites, today known as the largest global commercial satellite operator SES having its operational headquarters in Luxembourg.
FNR and the SpaceResources.lu initiative
In April 2017, the FNR joined an economic mission headed by Luxembourg’s Crown Prince to the US West Coast. The trip included visits to the NASA Ames research center – with which the FNR also maintains a collaboration agreement – as well as visits to aerospace companies interested in the SpaceResources.lu initiative.
Commenting on the importance of involving public research from the start, FNR Secretary General Marc Schiltz said: ‘Public research will play an important role in the SpaceResources.lu initiative from the start, and the FNR is fully committed to supporting this initiative through funding innovative, cutting-edge research, as well as enabling collaborations between Luxembourg’s public research institutions and companies involved in the space exploration endeavour.’
Ispace Europe is pleased to announce the kick-off of two Space Resources public-private research project partnerships with public research institutions in Luxembourg, funded by the FNR. Kyle Acierno, Managing Director of ispace Europe commented: ‘Such PPP projects bring ispace closer to realizing its vision to expand humanity’s presence in space by utilizing resources available on the Moon and we are incredibly grateful for the support provided by the FNR.’
ispace Europe will collaborate with the University of Luxembourg to develop the surface navigation solutions that will enable future rover missions to map water deposits on the Moon. The start-up with its origins in Japan will also work with the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology to mature their mass spectrometer, an instrument ispace will use to characterize the lunar water it collects to enable its future use. Julien Lamamy, engineering manager of ispace Europe said: ‘Our partnerships with the University of Luxembourg and LIST are essential for the future success of these pioneering missions.’
SnT and ispace: developing a navigation system for the lunar exploration rover
In order to better explore the surface of the moon and collect its resources, ispace has developed a small lunar rover. However, as the current navigation system is still simple, the project between the SnT and ispace will focus on the development of a suitable advance navigation system for the rover. The system will comprise the sensing, localisation, motion planning as well as control parts and will be adapted to the challenging environmental conditions of an application on the Moon surface.
The FNR supports this project via an AFR-PPP PhD grant for Phillippe Ludivig, who will be dividing his time between the ispace Europe SA offices in Luxembourg and the SnT. Supervisors of the project are Holger Voos (SnT) and Julien-Alexandre Lamamy (ispace Europe SA).
List and ispace: developing a detector for a compact mass spectrometer
Ispace and List have set up a strategic partnership in order to develop a first mission, called Roving Spectrometer Program, to prospect lunar resources, for example detecting and analysing water. This collaboration will build on a previous project called Fieldspec, which was substantially supported by the FNR with a PoC grant in excess of 1 Million euros.
A high performance compact mass spectrometer developed in List’s Material Research and Technology (MRT) department will be integrated into an ispace micro-rover robot, and the objective of the project between List and ispace is to develop a space deployable one dimensional focal plane detector for the compact mass spectrometer.
The aim is to have the detector ready for testing in a relevant space environment by the end of the project. The development will not only enable the progress of the Roving Spectrometer Program, but also significantly contribute to the global progress of List and therefore to Luxembourg’s activities in the field of high-resolution high-sensitivity nano-analytics instrumentation.
The FNR supports this project via a CORE-PPP grant in the sum of €499,470, with List’s Quang Hung Hoang and Tom Wirtz in the role of principal investigator (PI) and scientific advisor respectively. Julien-Alexandre Lamamy will be the researcher in charge at ispace Europe S.A.